There has been a growing consensus among philosophers of music that, contrary to the skeptical claims of [Edward] Hanslick, it makes perfect sense to describe music in expressive terms, and that, again contrary to Hanslick’s skeptical claims, there is more or less general agreement, among qualified listeners, as to what the music is expressive of, in any given instance, if, that is, it is expressive of anything (which need not necessarily be the case). More specifically, there has been a growing consensus that music can be, and often is, expressive of the garden-variety emotions, such as sorrow, joy, fear, hope, and a few other basic emotions like these.
As well, the consensus generally is that, when we way a passage of music is sorrowful, or fearful, or the like, we are not describing a disposition of the music to arouse such an emotion in us, but ascribing such an emotion, as a perceived property, to the music itself.
– Peter Kivy, Introduction to a Philosophy of Music (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 31.
This consensus among philosophers of music, I would suggest, is certainly not a reality among Christians.
Why is that?