Author Archives: David Huffstutler

What Is the Law of Christ?

What Is the Law of Christ?

“The law of Christ” is an interesting and debated phrase found in only two NT passages. With no immediate elaboration as to what “the law of Christ” is, Paul commanded in Galatians 6:2, “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.” Paul clarified elsewhere that, though he was a Christian and thus… Continue Reading

How you Have Hope for Righteousness

How you Have Hope for Righteousness

“Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins” (Ecc 7:20; cf. 1 Kgs 8:46; Prov 20:9). With this truth in hand, “If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us” (1 John 1:8; cf. Rom 3:23; Jas 3:2). Clearly, everybody… Continue Reading

The Church as the Family of God

The Church as the Family of God

God the Father has always been God the Father, and God the Son has always been God the Son. This familial relationship is something of the nature of God, and we, too, as believers have become part of this family. While more could be said, a handful of Scriptures below describe what it means to… Continue Reading

The Cry of the Spirit and Sons in Galatians 4:6

The Cry of the Spirit and Sons in Galatians 4:6

Galatians 4:6 states, “And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, ‘Abba! Father!’” The verb krazō (“to cry out”) is used 55 times in 54 verses in the NT, often in a literal fashion. For example, Peter cried out for Christ to save him from sinking… Continue Reading

In Christ, Like Christ

In Christ, Like Christ

Galatians 3:27 states, “For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ” (ESV). In the context of Galatians 3:26–29 and 3:7–29 as a whole, Paul’s point is to stress that everyone who believes (including Gentiles) is in Christ and thus an heir to God’s promise of blessing to Abraham. By… Continue Reading

The Puzzle of the Pedagogue in Galatians 3:24–25

The Puzzle of the Pedagogue in Galatians 3:24–25

The Greek term paidagōs, from which we get our English pedagogue, has been given an array of translations and suggested translations: guardian, tutor, schoolmaster, disciplinarian, child-conductor, child-attendant, baby-sitter, custodian, and others. Sometimes it is translated as a verb, such as “put in charge.” What makes this word interesting to translate is that it does not… Continue Reading

A Christmas Promise: Light and Life to All He Brings

A Christmas Promise: Light and Life to All He Brings

From “Hark, the Herald Angels Sing,” the first two verses of the third stanza read as follows: Hail, the heav’nborn Prince of Peace! Hail, the Sun of Righteousness! Light and life to all He brings, Ris’n with healing in His wings. “The heav’nborn Prince of Peace” is obviously the Messiah (see Isaiah 9:6), but our… Continue Reading

Christmas, the Face of Jesus, and the Story of the Gospel

Christmas, the Face of Jesus, and the Story of the Gospel

It was a significant moment for some individuals when they saw the face of the infant Jesus. The Magi “saw the Child…and worshiped Him” (Matt 2:11). The shepherds “found…the baby.…When they had seen this…the shepherds returned, glorifying and praise God for all they had heard and seen” (Luke 2:16, 17, 20). Likewise, Simeon was promised… Continue Reading

Three Interpretive Questions from Galatians 3:16

Three Interpretive Questions from Galatians 3:16

1) What are the plural promises? Paul refers later to the singular promise of Abraham (Gal 3:17). Why does he refer to the plural promises here? Either he refers to each aspect of the promise to Abraham as individual promises (i.e., land, descendants, and blessing), or, more likely, he refers to promises because the promise… Continue Reading

A Summary of Paul’s Use of the OT in Galatians 3:10–14

A Summary of Paul’s Use of the OT in Galatians 3:10–14

If Galatians were summarized in a sentence, it could be this: justification is by faith alone and not by doing the works of the law (Gal 2:16; cf. 2:16–21). Supporting this truth in Galatians 3:10–14, Paul quotes the OT numerous times. First, in Gal 3:10, Paul quotes Deut 27:26 and adds wording from Deut 28:58… Continue Reading

Genesis 12:3 + 15:6 + 18:18 = Justification by Faith for All

Genesis 12:3 + 15:6 + 18:18 = Justification by Faith for All

In Galatians 3:6–9, Paul supports the truth that God declares one righteous by faith alone by quoting three passages, Genesis 12:3, 15:6, and 18:18. The first quotation supports the truth that righteousness comes to all by faith alone by holding up Abraham as the paradigmatic example of this truth. Quoting Gen 15:6, Gal 3:6 states,… Continue Reading

How Do I Know I’m Justified? Five Answers from Galatians 3:1–5

How Do I Know I’m Justified? Five Answers from Galatians 3:1–5

After an introduction to his letter (Gal 1:1–5), rebuke of the Galatians for going astray (Gal 1:6–10), and a defense of his apostleship and the gospel’s divine origin (Gal 1:11–2:14), Paul directly addressed his letter’s primary burden, to steer his readers away from seeking justification by works and back to knowing they are justified by… Continue Reading

Galatians 2:15–21: If We Were to Paraphrase Paul

Galatians 2:15–21: If We Were to Paraphrase Paul

As a follow up to last week’s post, here is my attempt at a paraphrase of Paul from Galatians 2:15-21. — Though we are Jews and not Gentile sinners (2:15), even we know that justification is not by works of the law but by faith in Christ Jesus (2:16). But if we seek justification through… Continue Reading

When Did Paul Confront Peter in Antioch?

When Did Paul Confront Peter in Antioch?

In previous studies, we matched the events of Galatians 1–2 to the book of Acts and concluded the following: Paul’s conversion and subsequent missionary endeavors are recorded in Acts 9:1–25 and Gal 1:11–17 (cf. 2 Cor 11:32–33); Paul’s first visit to Jerusalem after his conversion and departure to the Gentiles are recorded in Acts 9:26–30… Continue Reading

Where Does Galatians 2:1–10 Fit in Acts?

Where Does Galatians 2:1–10 Fit in Acts?

Many equate Paul’s description of his meeting with Peter, James, and John in Galatians 2:1–10 with the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15:1–29. Both meetings were provoked by Judaizers (Acts 15:1, 24; Gal 1:7, 22; 6:17), attended by Paul and Barnabas (Acts 15:2; Gal 2:1), and concerned with whether or not Gentiles must be circumcised and… Continue Reading

A Timeline of Paul’s Ministry in Galatians and Acts

A Timeline of Paul’s Ministry in Galatians and Acts

Galatians is probably Paul’s earliest letter, written around AD 48 to the churches in southern Galatia and not to Gentiles in northern Galatia (the first conclusion among several debated issues, as you will see). Assuming some dates (these dates can be debated) and matching Paul’s biographical details their parallels in Acts, Paul persecuted the church… Continue Reading