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Lent and the Regulative Principle of Worship

imagesIt appears that it is now cool for Evangelicals to observe Lent.

Children of the Reformation have traditionally rejected Lent. In fact, eating sausages on Lent was Swiss Reformer Ulrich Zwingli’s “95 Theses moment,” signally his break from the Church of Rome, and other Reformers and Protestants after them have almost uniformly repudiated the observance.

My point here is not to rehash that history; others in the blogsphere have been doing that well lately.

My point here is to question some practices in Lenten observance by appealing to the regulative principle of worship.

Let me begin this by clarifying what I mean by observing Lent. I do believe that it is quite profitable to use the Church Calendar as a tool in the life of a church to remember the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In this way, a church can legitimately “observe Lent,” if what is meant by that is the use of Scripture readings and hymns that draw the worshiper’s attention to the life of Christ during the forty days prior to Easter. In this way, observing Lent is little more than observing Advent, Christmas, or Easter. It is the use of the ordinary, Scripture-prescribed means of grace (Scripture reading, prayer, singing, the preaching of the Word) in an orderly way that focuses on particular events in the life of Christ.

Observing Lent, however, often means much more than this. Typically observances of Lent include ashes, fasting, and “giving up” things so that the worshiper can experimentally identify and in some sense participate in the sufferings of Christ.

There are several theological problems with this practice, which others have well articulated.

But another problem with these Lenten observances is that even if their proponents deny that these practices are intended to somehow earn the worshiper merit with God, they nevertheless add means of grace that the Bible does not prescribe. God has prescribed the use of Scripture reading, prayer, singing, the preaching of God’s Word, and observance of baptism and the Lord’s Table as the only means by which he strengthens the faith of Christians. He has not prescribed “participation in Christ’s sacrifice” through ashes, fasting, or giving things up as means of Christian sanctification.

Yet in the traditional practices of Lent, other “experiential” observances are meant to further impart grace and spiritual strength to the worshiper as he or she identifies with the sufferings of Christ, thus going beyond biblical mandate.

Now as I mentioned, I do believe that it is well within biblical authority to organize the ordinary means of grace around the theme of a period in Christ’s life during a specific season of the year. In this way, observance of Lent has moved from the category of an element of worship to merely a form or circumstance. Kevin Bauder has made this point with regard to other seasons of the church year, and I think it could equally apply to Lent, as long as no element of worship is added beyond Scripture.

But practices beyond Scripture, such as ashes, fasting, and giving up things to identify with Christ’s sufferings go beyond what Scripture has prescribed.

Scott Aniol

About Scott Aniol

Scott Aniol is the founder and Executive Director of Religious Affections Ministries. He is on faculty at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, where he teaches courses in worship, hymnology, aesthetics, culture, and philosophy. He has written two books, dozens of articles, and speaks around the country in churches and conferences. He is an elder in his church in Fort Worth, TX where he resides with his wife and two children.

4 Responses to Lent and the Regulative Principle of Worship

  1. Ben says:

    I’m curious what you mean by “practices beyond Scripture, such as…fasting…[goes] beyond what Scripture has prescribed. Are you suggesting that it would be wrong to fast, or to encourage people to fast?

  2. Scott Aniol Scott Aniol says:

    No, just in mandating it and/or doing it in order to participate in Christ’s sacrifice.

  3. Ben says:

    Thanks, that’s clarifying. I wasn’t aware that some evangelical churches mandate participation.

  4. Scott Aniol Scott Aniol says:

    I don’t know about mandate, but I’ve heard firsthand a pastor preach a series of sermons in which he strongly pressured the congregation to observe Lent, including fasting and giving up things, in order to experience the sufferings of Christ.

    As for what an individual does (such as choosing to fast), let every one be convinced in his own mind. But even there, I resonate with your post and others who warn against considering such practice as meritorious or even as a means of grace.

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