Recent Posts
Matt Shrader Debates over theological education are nothing new. Why do we have seminary theological [more]
Last week I highlighted the fact that the Enlightenment essentially created a Worldview without God, [more]
De gustibus non est disputandum, said the ancient Romans. There is no disputing over taste, [more]
In Acts 15:1–35, the Jerusalem Council concluded that requiring Gentile believers to be circumcised and [more]
Kevin T. Bauder Abraham entered the Promised Land as a foreigner. Although he spent virtually [more]

The Lord is my . . . cattle-driver?


There is a lot of talk about contextualizing biblical truth these days. Of course, there is always a need for translation from language to language and context to context. What people mean when they say “contextualization” (as opposed to “translation”), however, is usually something deeper.

Regardless of the term used, we need to recognize the limits Scripture itself puts on contextualization.

This is important, because while there is certainly flexibility from time to time and civilization to civilization concerning what forms are used to communicate God’s truth, understanding the nature of cultural form leads to the conclusion that some forms are more suited to the communication of God’s truth than others, and some forms may even do injustice to the truth when compared to the forms God chose to use in Scripture.

For example, God chose to use the metaphor of shepherd to communicate certain truths about himself (e.g., Ps 23), Christ (e.g., John 10:11), and elders within the church (e.g., 1 Pet 5:2). Someone, with noble motives of contextualizing these truths in civilizations where shepherding is not common, may choose the metaphor of a cattle-driver instead. Yet the images created by the idea of a cattle-driver are far different than that of a shepherd and thereby do not capture the imaginative import of the biblically inspired image.

Additionally, significant change of form in worship from the kind of forms in Scripture may actually constitute the introduction of an entirely different element in worship than what has been prescribed. For example, when the approved element of preaching shifts in form from proclamation to conversation or dramatic recitation, the act has actually transformed into an entirely different element that God has not prescribed in Scripture.

The same is true for musical forms used in corporate worship. Although there are no musical scores in Scripture, and there is no mandate that worshipers today use the exact same musical idioms used, for example, in the Jewish temple, the aesthetic forms in Scripture, when properly studied and understood, do form boundaries and guidelines sufficient for the regulation of musical forms in corporate worship. This requires, of course, careful study of literary form in Scripture. Additionally, the kinds of affections, moods, and sentiments expressed and promoted by Scripture in connection with worship, along with examples of corporate worship and the kinds of music used therein, should also regulate the kinds of musical expressions used in corporate worship.

Do you think “The Lord is my cattle-driver” is an appropriate contextualization of Psalm 23?

Scott Aniol

About Scott Aniol

Scott Aniol is the founder and Executive Director of Religious Affections Ministries. He is Chair of the Worship Ministry Department at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, where he teaches courses in ministry, worship, hymnology, aesthetics, culture, and philosophy. He is the author of Worship in Song: A Biblical Approach to Music and Worship, Sound Worship: A Guide to Making Musical Choices in a Noisy World, and By the Waters of Babylon: Worship in a Post-Christian Culture, and speaks around the country in churches and conferences. He is an elder in his church in Fort Worth, TX where he resides with his wife and four children. Views posted here are his own and not necessarily those of his employer.

One Response to The Lord is my . . . cattle-driver?

  1. There is a big difference between a shepherd who leads and a cattle-driver who drives or pushes his herd. The Lord leads and we follow. A cattle-driver forces compliance and direction. They are not the same!
    A pastor should be like a shepherd too, not a cattle-driver. He is called an under-shepherd who leads his congregation vs driving them a certain way.

Leave a reply