Week 43: Holy Week
Weekly memory verse:
John 11:25 – “Jesus said to her, ‘I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live.’”
“My Song Is Love Unknown” (free download)
What is the duty of those who are rightly baptized?
It is the duty of those who are rightly baptized to join themselves to some visible and orderly church of Jesus Christ.
Day 211: Jesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead
Reading: Luke 16:19-31; John 11:1–53
Luke 16, Verse 20. Lazarus. This is not the same Lazarus who later dies and is raised by Jesus (John 11). However, this is the only person named in Jesus’s parables, and therefore this is likely a true story rather than one made up to teach a lesson.
Verse 22. Abraham’s bosom. A figurative expression that refers to heaven.
Verse 23. Hades. This refers to the place of the wicked prior to their final judgment. Some assume this parable indicates that the realm of the dead is one place with two parts, one for the righteous and the other the unrighteous, which was a common rabbinic teaching of the time. However, Scripture teaches that the righteous immediately enter the presence of God upon their death (see 23:43, 2 Cor 5:8, Phil 1:23).
Verse 29. Moses and the Prophets. The Old Testament Scriptures.
John 11, Verse 49. Caiaphas. Caiaphas was appointed High Priest by the Roman prefect, Valerius Gratus, in ad 18.
The highpoint of Jesus’s earthly ministry was the very public raising of Lazarus from the dead. Through this miracle, Jesus confirmed his deity and emphasized his power over death. What Jesus did in this case of physical death is what he does to the spiritually dead who believe in his sacrificial atonement on their behalf.
- How does the raising of Lazarus confirm what Abraham said to the rich man in Jesus’s parable about the fact that if people don’t believe the Scriptures, then they will not believe even if someone rises from the dead?
- Why did Jesus wait before traveling to Bethany?
- Why did Jesus raise Lazarus from the dead?
Day 212: Zacchaeus and Blind Bartimaeus
Reading: Matthew 20:20–28, Mark 10:46–52, Luke 19:1–10
Matthew 20, Verse 23. You will drink my cup. James was later beheaded (Acts 12:2), and John was imprisoned on Patmos (Rev 1:9).
Mark 10, Verse 46. Jericho. Jericho was located 15 miles northeast of Jerusalem.
Luke 19, Verse 2. Tax collector. Tax collectors were Jews hired by Romans to collect taxes, and they were often corrupt, taking more money for personal profit.
Christ clearly taught and exemplified that the greatest in his Kingdom would be those who served others. He demonstrated this through his healings, and Zacchaeus manifested this by the fruit of his repentance.
- Why did James and John desire great honor in the Kingdom?
- According to Jesus, what is required for those who wish to follow him?
- How do we know that Zacchaeus was truly repentant?
Day 213: The Triumphal Entry
Reading: John 12:1–11, Matthew 21:1–11, Luke 19:39–40
John 12, Verse 5. Three hundred denarii. A full year’s wages.
Matthew 21, Verse 8. Spread their cloaks. This was a traditional display of homage for royalty.
Verse 9. Hosanna. This is a transliteration of the Hebrew expression from Psalm 118:25 that means “Save us now.” The date of Jesus’s triumphal entry was Nisan 9, ad 30, exactly 483 years after the prophecy of Artaxerxes that there would be seventy weeks between the rebuilding of Jerusalem (445 bc) and the first advent of the Messiah (Dan 9:24–26).
Jesus’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem marked his official and very public claim as the promised Messiah. He had taught this and demonstrated this by miracles during his public ministry, but this final act left no question and lead to the final plots for Jesus’s death.
- How did Mary’s act unintentionally predict Christ’s coming death?
- What did the people’s acts reveal about what they thought of Jesus?
- What did the Pharisees’ rebuke reveal about what they thought of Jesus?
Day 214: Jesus Cleanses the Temple a Second Time
Reading: Mark 11:12–12:12
Mark 11, Verse 14. May no one. Fig trees were often types of the Jewish Nation (Hos 9:10, Nah 3:12, Zech 3:10), and therefore Jesus’s curse of this fig tree was a lesson concerning Israel’s fruitlessness and rejection of him.
Verse 15. Temple. This is the second time Jesus cleansed the temple (see John 2:14–16), revealing his deep desire for pure worship.
Verse 23. This mountain. Jesus did not mean this literally; rather, this was a reference to a common metaphor used to describe great rabbis who could solve difficult problems.
Knowing his death for sins was coming quickly, Jesus even more publicly displayed his displeasure with the Jews and their rejection of him as well as their corrupt worship. He rebuked the religious leaders and continued to prepare his disciples by strengthening their faith. He knew that he would soon be rejected, but that in that rejection, he would become the cornerstone.
- Why did Jesus drive out the money changers from the temple?
- What did Jesus teach about the power of prayer in faith?
- How would the rejection of the Jews actually accomplish God’s plan of salvation?
Day 215: The Last Supper
Reading: Matthew 26:17–29, 1 Corinthians 11:17–34
Matthew 26, Verse 17. Passover. Passover was celebrated on Nisan 14, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread began the next day. Sometimes the entire time was called wither “Passover” (Luke 22:1) or the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Further, because of a difference in how Galileans and Judeans reckoned a day, Galileans from sunrise to sunrise and Judeans from sunset to sunset. Thus, for Galileans, Nisan 14 fell on Thursday, while for Judeans it fell on Friday. This is how Jesus and his disciples (Galileans) could celebrate Passover on Thursday night, while Jesus was crucified on Friday during Passover by Judean reckoning.
Verse 26. This is my body. Jesus clearly meant that the bread represented his body, not that it was literally his body.
1 Corinthians 11:23. I received from the Lord. This is the official proclamation in the New Testament that a recreation of the Last Supper should be regularly observed by churches in remembrance of Christ’s sacrifice on the cross for our sins. Most scholars believe that 1 Corinthians was written before the gospels, so this was the first biblical account given of the Lord’s Supper.
The Last Supper instituted an important ordinance of the church in remembrance of the broken body and shed blood of Christ on behalf of his people. In the ancient world, to sit at a table with someone signified free and open communion. Consequently, the Lord’s Supper is a picturesque way to signify that we have full communion with God through Christ’s death for us, and that we also share communion with others of Christ’s followers.
- Why did Paul give careful instructions about the Lord’s Supper?
- What do the bread and cup represent in the Supper?
- What does the whole meal represent?